TSC Prioritizes Teachers Aged 45 and Over in Promotion Decisions


The Teachers Service Commission (TSC) has announced its promotion strategy, indicating a preference for teachers aged 45 and over in the issuance of promotion letters. This move reflects a significant shift in promotion criteria, prioritizing age as a determining factor alongside other performance indicators.

Key Highlights:

  • Teachers aged 45 and over are likely to receive preferential treatment in the promotion process, based on details revealed by TSC boss Nancy Macharia.
  • Promotion letters will be issued to successful candidates, with emphasis placed on age-related scores in the promotion criteria.

Promotion Criteria:

For Primary Teachers:

  • Acting Capacity: Duration served in acting roles contributes to scoring, with longer durations yielding higher marks.
  • Length of Stay in Current Grade: Marks are allocated based on the number of years spent in the current grade, incentivizing longevity and stability.
  • TPAD Ratings: Performance ratings on the Teacher Performance Appraisal and Development (TPAD) tool influence scoring, with higher ratings correlating to increased marks.
  • Age: Age categories determine marks awarded, with teachers aged 45 to 49 receiving the highest score allocation.
  • Oral Questions: An assessment component evaluating teachers’ ability to articulate responses effectively.
  • Co-Curricular Activities: Participation and achievements in co-curricular activities contribute to the overall score.
  • KCSE Results: Performance in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) examinations for specific years is factored into scoring.
  • Communication Skills: Evaluation of teachers’ communication abilities contributes to the final score.

For Post-Primary Teachers:

  • Acting Roles: Similar to primary teachers, duration served in acting roles impacts scoring.
  • Length of Service: Marks are allocated based on the duration spent in the current grade, rewarding stability and experience.
  • TPAD Ratings: Performance ratings on TPAD influence scoring, with higher ratings translating to increased marks.
  • Age: Age categories determine the allocation of marks, with preference given to teachers aged 45 and over.
  • Oral Questions, Co-Curricular Activities, KCSE Results, and Communication Skills: Similar assessment components apply as in the criteria for primary teachers.

Implications and Future Outlook:

The TSC’s emphasis on age in the promotion process may spark discussions regarding fairness and equity, particularly among younger teachers. Additionally, this approach highlights the commission’s evolving promotion strategies aimed at recognizing the contributions and experience of senior educators. Moving forward, stakeholders may advocate for a balance between age-based considerations and merit-based assessments to ensure a transparent and equitable promotion process for all teachers.


The TSC’s decision to prioritize teachers aged 45 and over in promotion decisions underscores the importance of experience and longevity in the teaching profession. While this approach may yield benefits in terms of institutional knowledge and stability, it also raises questions about inclusivity and fairness in the promotion process. As the education sector continues to evolve, ongoing dialogue and review of promotion policies will be essential to address the diverse needs and aspirations of teachers across Kenya.


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